The London Eye
From the top of the London Eye you can see things about 25 miles away. It takes 30 minutes to complete a revolution and doesn’t have to stop for passengers to step on and off.The London Eye travels at a speed of about 0.6 miles per hour. The London Eye is not a Ferris wheel. It’s the world’s tallest cantilevered observation wheel. On average the London Eye receives more visitors per year than the Taj Mahal and the Great Pyramids of Giza.. In December 2005 the London Eye was lit pink in celebration of the first Civil Partnership performed on the wheel.The London Eye can carry 800 people each rotation, which is comparable to 11 London red double decker buses.The London Eye had a predecessor – The Great Wheel.
Many historical bridges named London Bridge have spanned the River Thames between the City of London and Southwark, in central London. The current crossing, which opened to traffic in 1974, is a box girder bridge built from concrete and steel. This replaced a 19th-century stone-arched bridge, which in turn superseded a 600-year-old medieval structure. This was preceded by a succession of timber bridges, the first built by the Roman founders of London. The current bridge stands at the western end of the Pool of London but is positioned 30 metres (98 ft) upstream from previous alignments. The traditional ends of the medieval bridge were marked by St Magnus-the-Martyr on the northern bank and Southwark Cathedral on the southern shore. Until Putney Bridge opened in 1729, London Bridge was the only road-crossing of the Thames downstream of Kingston-upon-Thames. Its importance has been the subject of popular culture throughout the ages such as in the nursery rhyme “London Bridge Is Falling Down” and its inclusion within art and literature.
The London Underground
There is only one Tube station which does not have any letters of the word ‘mackerel’ in it: St John’s Wood.The average speed on the Underground is 20.5 miles per hour including station stops.The busiest Tube station is Oxford Circus, used by around 98 million passengers per year.On the Metropolitan line, trains can reach over 60mph. The shortest distance between two adjacent stations on the underground network is only 260 metres. The tube journey between Leicester Square and Covent Garden on the Piccadilly Line takes only about 20 seconds, but costs £4.90 (cash fare). Yet it still remains one of the most popular journeys with tourists.Many tube stations were used as air-raid shelters during the Second World War, but the Central Line was even converted into a fighter aircraft factory that stretched for over two miles, with its own railway system.
The clock tower is now called The Elizabeth Tower. It was called St Stephen’s Tower by Victorian journalists. They referred to anything to do with the House of Commons as news from ‘St Stephens’, as originally MP’s used to sit in St Stephen’s Hall.Big Ben is situated on the banks of the River Thames on the north side of the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London.The Big Ben bell has the following measurements:9′-0″ diameter, 7′-6″ high, and weighs 13 tons 10 cwts 3 qtrs 15lbs (13,760 Kg).Big Ben chimes every 15 minutes and the sound can be heard for a radius of up to 5 miles.Big Ben is the world’s largest four-faced chiming clock.The clock became operational on 7th September 1859. The four faces of the clock are 55 meters above ground.The clock faces are 23 feet (7m) in diameter.The hour hand is 9 ft (2.7m) long, and the minute hand is 14 ft (4.3m) long.The pendulum is 3.9m long, weighs 300Kg and beats once every 2 seconds.At the base of each clock face is a Latin inscription, in gilt letters. It reads -“Domine salvam fac Reginam nostrum Victoriam Primam””O Lord, keep safe our Queen Victoria the First”.The clock tower is the focus of New Year celebrations in the United Kingdom, with radio and TV stations tuning to its chimes to welcome the start of the year.On Remembrance Day, the chimes of Big Ben are broadcast to mark the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. A light in the clock tower tells when the House of Commons is in session.